What is melanoma?

Melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer, which occurs in melanocytes – cells that generate melanin. Melanin is a pigment responsible for skin, hair and eye colour. Melanocytes are also responsible for the creation of moles, where melanoma often develops. Melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer. According to World Health Organization statistics, 132,000 cases of melanoma are diagnosed each year and thousands of people die from melanoma annually. For this reason early detection of melanoma is essential to gain the best possible chance of treating the disease.

It’s recommended that even moles that appear healthy which are located on parts of the body that regularly receive any amount of trauma be removed by a dermatologist or licenced cosmetologist. However, you should consult with a dermatologist or oncologist before removing any suspicious moles that may be cancerous.

The first signs of suspicious moles:

  • the shape becomes asymmetrical – irregular, rough edges, blurred;
  • thickening occurs, ulceration, bleeding;
  • changes in colour or a lessening of pigmentation;
  • changes in sensation – itchiness, pain, tenderness;
  • a size larger than 5mm, an increase in the diameter of the mole.